Dental handpieces are one of the small dental equipment of high value in dental practice management. Used almost every day, special care must be taken to maintain this equipment to further prolong their durability and efficiency. Dental handpieces have undergone drastic changes from the primitive dental drill used with a foot controlled air compression unit.
In these days, dental handpieces are available in straight and contra-angled variants to suit different clinical presentations. Low speed and high speed handpieces operating at speeds ranging from less than 10000 rpm to more than 300000 rpm are available today, used in various different treatment modalities.
Handpieces used in dentistry find their use in various clinical procedures such as fissurotomy, cavity preparation, crown cutting surgery, endodontic therapy, proximal stripping in orthodontics, surgical procedures and many more. This indicates the significance of the dental handpiece in every specialization of dentistry. Handpieces are mainly of two types: Electric Handpiece and Air Driven Handpiece.